ENVS 210 Annotated Bibliography
For Professor Simokat's research assignment, you will read and annotate 5 peer-reviewed journal articles on the subject of your choice. Your bibliography must be formatted as follows:
1. Produce the citation in APA format.
2. What is the research question of the article? (50-100 words)
3. Evaluate the article (100-150 words):
- Is the author credible
- Are the arguments effective?
- What are the strengths and weaknesses of the paper?
Before Trying the Scholarly Databases, look for Background Information
Google Smart Searching strategies
To do a Google Smart search, go to the search bar and type in your keyword [ex. environmental justice] space followed by site:.edu (or .gov, .org). This type of search narrows your results to specific types of sources (academic, non-profit, or government-related), which can be helpful in locating credible information.
Use these databases to search across newspapers and news magazines. To access full-text of the article, look for the GET-IT Button.
| ProQuest - News & Newspapers
Search among ProQuest’s News & Newspapers databases
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1985 to current||None|
Covers news and business information, including Dow Jones and Reuters newswires and The Wall Street Journal, plus more than 8,000 other sources providing current news.
|Full-text||1975 to current||Some|
| Academic Search Premier
This scholarly collection offers information in nearly every area of academic study including: computer sciences, engineering, physics, chemistry, language and linguistics, arts & literature, medical sciences, ethnic studies, and many more.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1975 to current||Most|
An important index to political, economic, and social issues in current debate.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1972 to current||All|
| Ethnic NewsWatch
Full-text ethnic newspapers, searchable in English or Spanish.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1992 to current||None|
GenderWatch contains publications which focus on how gender impacts a broad spectrum of subject areas. GenderWatch is a repository of an important historical perspective on the evolution of the women’s movement and the changes in gender roles.
|Full-text||1970 to current||All|
| San Diego Union Tribune (current coverage)
The San Diego Union-Tribune is the product of a merger of the San Diego Union, founded in 1868, and the Evening Tribune, founded in 1895. Published from an editorial, printing and business plant in San Diego's Mission Valley, it is the second-oldest newspaper in Southern California, and the oldest business in San Diego County; an area known as a popular vacation destination and home to Mission Bay Park, the largest man-made aquatic park in the country, consisting of 4,235 acres. The Union-Tribune has won numerous journalism awards over the years, including the Pulitzer Prize, and features daily news, sports, shopping, and entertainment coverage for the San Diego area.
|Full-text||1983 to current||Some|
| San Diego Union Newspaper Archive
Collection of newspapers published in San Diego under various titles, including the San Diego Union.
|Full-text||1872 to 1983|
| Los Angeles Times (1996-present)
Los Angeles Times articles from 1996-present. For articles published prior to 1996, see the Los Angeles Times (Historical) Database.
|Full-text||1996 to present||None|
| Los Angeles Times (Historical)
Archival issues and articles beginning with 1881. Issues published during the past twenty-four years are not available in this database. Check ProQuest or Factiva databases for the material not held in this collection.
| New York Times (Current, 1980-present)
Articles from the New York Times from 1980-present. For articles prior to 1980, see the New York Times (Historical Collection) Database.
|Full-text||1980 to present||None|
| New York Times (Historical Collection)
The New York Times Historical Collection provides full page and article images including the NY Daily Times (1851-1857). The most recent four years not included in this historical collection can be searched through ProQuest Direct, LexisNexis or Factiva.
| African American Newspapers, 1827-1998
Newspapers digitized from 37 states chronicling African American experiences and influence in a variety of events from the early 19th through late 20th centuries.
|Full-text||1827 to 1998||None|
| Hispanic American Newspapers, 1808-1980
Spanish and English language newspapers offering news, advertisements, opinion and more from across the nation reflecting contemporary thought and activity.
|Full-text||1808 to 1980||None|
For students gathering background information and developing foundational knowledge on a research topic, longform journalism sources can be valuable for distilling critical ideas and formulating research questions.
Lengthier than your average newspaper article, longform journalism integrates various multimedia tools including video and interactive graphics and data to propel feature storytelling and engage readers. Longform tends to be substantive in content, underscoring immersion reporting, investigative techniques, and sustained narrative (Medill School of Journalism, Media, Integrated Marketing Communications).
Longform Article Examples
These longform periodical titles are freely available on the Internet (limited article access) and via the CSUSM Library's databases.
The Economist (CSUSM Library) News and opinion on international politics, business, finance, science, and technology.
The Conversation Independent news source from the academic and research community curated for the general public. (Note: These are not peer-reviewed, scholarly journal articles)
Epic Magazine Immersive narrative non-fiction articles.
Guernica Focuses on the intersection of art and politics. Content includes memoir, investigative reporting, commentary, and multimedia journalism that explores identity, conflict, culture, justice, science, and more.
JSTOR Daily Provides background information on a variety of topics in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. Articles contextualize current events with academic scholarship. (Note: JSTOR Daily does not contain scholarly articles; you will find those in the JSTOR library database).
Longform Sponsored by the University of Pittsburgh's writing program, this site recommends new and classic non-fiction from around the web.
Longreads Gathers stories from all over the web and also produces original content which includes in-depth profiles and feature articles.
Mosaic Longform articles on science-related topics.
Pacific Standard Publishes investigative pieces focusing on social and environmental justice.
ProPublica Nonprofit newsroom producing investigative journalism pieces focusing on government and politics, business, criminal justice, the environment, education, healthcare, immigration, and technology.
The Verge Focuses on culture and technology.
Datasets for Environmental Studies
CSUSM Databases (require login)
ICPSR: Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research Download social science datasets for use with statistical software, such as SPSS.
SimplyAnalytics (Requires personal registration) SimplyAnalytics is a web-based analytics and data visualization application that makes it easy for anyone to create interactive maps, charts, and reports. The first time you access SimplyAnalytics, click the 'Create an account' link and create your account, which will enable you to login, save and organize your research in a personalized account. CSUSM's license is limited to 10 concurrent users.
CalRecycle (data.ca.gov) Provides quick access to a variety of CalRecycle and other data sources and tools relating to California's solid waste stream, waste disposal and recycling facility infrastructure, materials flow, recycling, and much more.
Data.gov Data, tools, and resources to conduct research, develop web and mobile applications, design data visualizations, and more.
EPA Dataset Gateway The Environmental Protection Agency's open data catalog.
IRI/LDEO Climate Data Library (Columbia University) Freely accessible online data repository and analysis tool that allows a user to view, analyze, and download hundreds of terabytes of climate-related data through a standard web browser.
National Wetlands Inventory Provides detailed information on the abundance, characteristics, and distribution of US wetlands.
NASA Global Change Master Directory Includes datasets on global change related to oceans, biosphere, climate, land surfaces, human impact, and more.
OECD The OECD Environmental Statistics database provide a unique collection of policy-relevant environmental statistics.
San Diego Association of Governments SANDAG creates and maintains a tremendous quantity of data about the San Diego region.
United Nations Environmental Data Explorer Authoritative source for datasets used by the United Nations Environmental Programme and its partners in the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) report and other integrated environment assessments.
U.S. Energy Information Administration Datasets from the U.S. Energy Administration
USGS Water Resources Information Includes datasets, publications, and agency information.
Strategies for Reading Scholarly Articles
When reading a scholarly article, consider the following:
1. Know your research question: As you explore resources, your research question may change or evolve; still, you want to maintain a solid research focus.
2. You don't have to read the entire article from beginning to end: Start with the Title and Abstract, which give you the purpose of the article, a small amount of context, and a summary of the findings. After you read these elements, ask yourself:
Do the Title & Abstract help add to your understanding of the topic? Do they provide answers to your research question(s)?
If they don't do any of these things, you should locate a different article. But if they add to your understanding, move on to the Introduction and Conclusion sections of the article. After reading these areas, ask yourself:
What did the authors want to learn; what did they study? (Review the thesis statement, research question, hypothesis)
Next, take a deeper look at the Results section, which includes specific pieces of data, statistics, or examples from the study. Afterwards, move on to the Discussion section, which interprets these results and helps you understand why they're important.
If it takes too much effort to make the article "fit" into your research, set it aside and move on to the next one. After reading the whole article, ask yourself:
How does the article answer my research question(s)?
3. Read the References/Bibliography section: Reading references or works cited may lead you to other critical resources.
4. Annotate the article as you read: Keeping your research question(s) in mind as you annotate (mark up) the article. Paraphrase key information and concepts that can be cited in your research assignment.
5. Read the article at least twice: Scholarly articles are incredibly complex, so definitely read twice to make sure you understand the content.
Environmental Studies Scholarly Article Databases
|GreenFILE/Academic Search||Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||current||Most|
Provides full text access to over 1,000 journals covering all fields of science.
|Full-text||1995 to current||Most|
| Web of Science
Contains citation Idexes for Science, Social Sciences, Arts & Humanities, and Book Citations from 2004 to present. Select "Web of Science Core Collection" to conduct cited reference search.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1975 to current||All|
The authoritative database on all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines; includes abstracts for books & journals.
|Some full-text||1500 to current||Most|
| Biological Abstracts
A complete collection of bibliographic references covering life science and biomedical research literature published from more than 4,000 journals internationally.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1969 to current||Most|
Search more than 200 leading titles in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences.
|Some full-text||2000 to current||All|
| CQ Researcher
Explores a single hot issue in the news in-depth each week. Topics range from social and teen issues to environment, health, education and science and technology.
|Full-text||1991 to current||None|
Contains (EXCEPT for the latest five years) core scholarly journals in sociology, history, economics, political science, mathematics, African-American & Asian studies, literature, humanities, music, and biological, health & general sciences.
|Full-text||1838 to most recent five years||Most|
| WestlawNext Campus Research
This is a comprehensive database for news, business, and law-related information has been designed for students. It brings together news databases arranged geographically and topically; newswires as well as business, trade, and professional journals and publications; and law-related resources, including both primary law and analysis.
|Full-text||1789 to current||Some|
Structuring Keyword Searches in the Scholarly Databases
Tips on searching the databases
Here are some general tips on searching for articles for your report:
|Use keywords, not long search phrases||
Instead of searching for "How are marginalized and vulnerable populations disproportionately impacted by climate change?"
marginalized, poor, climate change, environmental impact, environmental justice, inequalities
Use quotation marks (" ") to keep phrases together
Use AND to combine different keywords
|"climate change" AND "environmental justice"|
|Use OR to combine similar/associated keywords||poor or poverty|
|Look for ways to limit your search in the database||You can often limit by type of article (scholarly and peer-reviewed), year of publication, subject|
Citing Your Sources in APA
Here are some APA resources for you to consult; if you have specific questions about citation, please ask a librarian.
- In Text Citations by APA (Video)
- APA Formatting and Style Guide by Purdue Online Writing Lab (Comprehensive online guide with examples)
- APA Sample Paper by Purdue Online Writing Lab (PDF)