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GBM 425 / GBM 430 International Business Management & Import / Export

Doing Business in Other Countries

Doing Business in ...

Recommended Sources for Doing Business in .... guides

GETTING STARTED --- Country Briefings

GlobalEDGE International Business  -- START HERE

Covers free resources and links to research topics, countries, states, industries, and statistical tools. Created by Michigan State University, Broad College of Business.

Quick Links, especially: 

  • Country Commercial Guide
  • BBC--Country Profile--verview, Facts, Leaders, Historial Timeline and of course latest news
  • Left Nav Bar for detailed content on each country  GBM 425, GBM 430
Country Commercial Guides (Doing business in ....) GBM 425, GBM 430
Industry Overviews
Market Updates
Multilateral Development Bank Reports
Best Markets
Industry / Regional Reports


Euromonitor Passport  -- Economies FIN 626

Economies, Finance, and Trade
Details by category including FDI and other indicators by Country. 
Analysis and Statistics by category and industry


Related Trade Database (US Census)

Exports: "A related-party export transaction is one between a U.S. exporter and a foreign consignee, where either party owns, directly or indirectly, 10 percent or more of the other party."

U.S. International Trade Statistics by NAICS and country

Craighead's international business, travel, and relocation guide to 90 countries. REF HF5549.5.E45 C73 2004 2 vol.
This title is getting a bit dated but has practical relocation info.

Business details, directories,

USA Trade Online   For the advanced user.  Import / export stats by commodity, country, state and port.  In depth -- use to determine commodity volumn by country and rankings.
"A dynamic data tool that gives users access to current and cumulative U.S. export and import data" (Source: About USA Trade Online).  Sign-in required.
Quick Start guide on the USA Trade Online 

Country Risk Reports and Indicators

Doing Business: Benchmarking Business Regulations (World Bank)
Practical info on doing business in a selected country.
Compare and calculate business risk in over 175 countries. Topics cover all aspects of starting and operating businesses in the selected countries. Includes business law library in home language that include labor laws, tax and tariffs. Yearly World Bank Doing Business In ... reports available for download.
Recommended for GBM 425 and BA 616 view links for law library and download country report, some are more complete than others.

NationMaster GBM 425, GBM 430, FIN 612
Quickly compare two countries across categories

World Bank Open Data Browse by Country and Indicator
FIN 612 --  Look for Indicator -- Financial

IMF  International Monetary Fund.  FIN 612

International financial statistics.


Dig deeper, latest news and analysis

Business Source Premier  (Library database) GBM 425
Seach:   Doing business in ........   to find articles on many countries.

Europa (The European Union Online)
Find news, activities, official documents and information sources including statistics.

Global Development Finance / World Bank.
Global Economic Prospects / World Bank.
These two flagship publications from the World Bank serve to track, record and forecast financial capital and economic forces for emerging countries.

International Country Statistics on the Web
Lists statistical agencies for each country. Through a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Web Site.

OECD - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OECD Statistics Portal
Statistics arranged by topic and member country. Some topics are globalisation, Information and Communication Technology, Labor, Purchasing power.

OECD Stats by Theme
Comprehensive list of OECD statistical data collection programmes classified by theme.

OECD Data portal
Find, compare and share the latest OECD data: Charts, maps, tables, etc.

Described as a business-to-business directory for European business establishments. Search by product, service, company name, the directory returns company name, address, email, and maps and catalogs.

Selected countries

ProMexico Doing business in Mexico resources

China Business Research Guide
Best source for business guides to China. Compiled by University of Penn librarians.



Import / Export

Import / Export


Use this guide to get practical information on import, export, products, suppliers, products, consumers, industries and tax and tariff info.

San Diego International Trade Resources.
Good instructions and video clips on how to export and set up a  business. short videos on every aspect of exporting.

Part A:  Export Compliance and Regulations including Taxes and Tariffs, what's a freight forwarder, pro forma invoice, foreign trade zones
Part B:  Reporting Electronic Export Info, how to classify your commodity.
Part C: Using Trade Data for Export Planning and Strategy
Parct D:  Trade Agreements

Market Research, Products, Consumers etc

Euromonitor Passport CSUSM only GBM 425  
Comparative statistics on consumer product and services in major countries.  Essays on market potential in countries.

Mergent Online  provides information on industries in large geographic areas.  Select Industry Analysis with industry & country.

International Trade Data by Import / Export 

International Trade Administration  TradeStats Express

UN Commodity Trade Statistics Database (UN Comtrade)
Provides export/import data on commodities between two countries. Search by commodity name or harmonized codes.

USA TradeOnline.  GBM 425 Follow instructions on the Practice Sheet for Kellogg Library Access
Detailed stats!   Import / Export commodity data between US and other countries. Port level data!   Search by commodity, commodity ranking, and times series, countries and trade groups.

Getting Stated Guide USA TradeOnline

Video Clip on access Import / Export Data in USA Trade Online

Video Clips on State Export data

U.S. Department of State
The Business Center web site has resources to help U.S. business in foreign countries. The Countries and Regions web site has country background reports. Embassy listings for each country include resources on doing business in that country including Country Commercial Guides.

U. S. International Trade Administration
News, statistics, Export Assistance.

Manifest Journals
Contains US Import Data analysis. Free registration required.

Doing Business ...   Import / Export Guidance, Tax, Tariff and  GBM 425
Guidance for import and export by country.  GBM 425
International trade assistance and links to federal agencies with exporting resources
U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Trade   Import and Export information.



Export Inport Bank of the United States
Export credit agency and financing.

Trade regulations, country specific trade issues, industry sectors

U.S. Chamber of Commerce (international business category)

Help with Export Barriers
Office of the United States Trade Representative

US. State Dept

US Export Controls

UK and Ireland (firm information)

USA Trade Online  (Free trial registration)

For Europe

For Latin America

California International Trade Programs  some useful export assistance programs.

Corporate Information
Interactive web forms guide you in researching a company, a country, and industry, and currency rates.

Alibaba World wide access to wholesale product sellers and buyers. Free registration required.

Kompass Worldwide B to B supplier network
International directory of import/export companies with short company descriptions, contact information, and products and services. Some with web links to company sites.

Directory of United States Importers. REF HF3012 .D54 
Published by Commonwealth Business Media and PIERS. The directory is arranged by company name, product (name and SIC), state, trade commissions, embassy and consulate, foreign trade zones, ports, and financial services.

Directory of United States Exporters. REF HF 3011 .D63 
Published by Commonwealth Business Media and PIERS. The directory is arranged by company name, product (name and SIC), state, trade commissions, embassy and consulate, foreign trade zones, ports, and financial services.

Cost to Export (US$ per container)  World Bank  Comparative fees associated with exporting or importing a container

Port of Entry--San Diego
Port of San Diego, including Airport/Seaport, and Palomar Airport.
List of brokers with contact, and service hours
Forms for import export operations


Useful sites

San Diego World Trade Center
The SDWTC is an international business service organization licensed by the World Trade Center Association in New York. Members and clients of the SDWTC are primarily small, medium sized businesses or organizations committed to world trade.

Harmonized Codes, Tariffs, Shipping and Logistics

Find Harmonized Code and Tariff rates

To ship oversees you first need, to know if the United States has trade relations with that country, what the agreement is, agreements are based on type of product and country agreements.

TRADE AGREEMENT OR TARIFFS  GLOBAL TARIFFS Tariff and Import Fees in another country. (Free registration).  Iinstruction sheet distributed in class.

Finding your Tariff Rate:  
Read the short introduction on tariffs and other taxes and fees.  This article has a list of Tariff Schedules for other countries.

Country Commerical Guides will include some general information on trariff rates.  Good if US has Free Trade Agreement with the importing country. For others you must use the recommended sources below to find your HS code and then find the trariff schedules for the importing country.  Some are recommended below. 

 >>>  GBM 425:   Use the inclass activity sheet distributed in class to find your HS Product Code and calculate tariffs and taxes for your target export country.

1.  FIND Harmonized Code (HS code) for your product
The code is used to identify the product on all documents, and is used to find the tariff for any importing country.

a) HTS Search

To find your code you may need to try different terms.  (eyeglasses are called spectables, toothpaste is oral paste).

> > >  Census Schedule B Search Engine

Other Recommended Tariff Seaches:

1. FTA Tariff Tool.  FREE TRADE AGREEMENT COUNTRIES The 20 countries free trade agreements with the United  States.  

>> Use the Tariff Worksheet distributed in class to find your tariff.

2. Customs Info Database:  Free with registration.  Will need 6 digit HS code. 
a) Type in your HS six digit code.

b) Tariff Search Criteria:  Country to import to:  .... 

c)  Country of Origin (United States) and Country of Shipment (United States)

d) Calcuate: Returns Tariff Treatment, Tax and regulations

3.   (limited free searches)
Enter your product and import country.  Calculate product and country import duties.



Shipping Logistics and Supply Chain

Shipping Logistics and Supply Chain 

Journal of Commerce website
International trade news on topics in commercial transportation and supply chain.  Special Topics, Ports, Sailings, Trucking, Logistics, Rail etc. 

Journal of Commerce full text (Proquest)
Get the full text of the articles referenced above.  All aspects of commercial transport including economic, trade agreements, sustainability

World Freight Rates
Enter originating port, destination port, container size and value. GBM 425



Citing your paper in APA

APA Citations for Business


Common Business Citation Styles

Common Business Citations in APA Format and selected other links

How to Cite in Text:
Cite as (last name or company name, year, page number). Example: (Longboard Grotto, 2009, p.23)
She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.
According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).

Consult the Publications Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) for detailed explanations and additional examples. Copies are available at the Cal State San Marcos Research Help Desk (BF76.7.P83 2009) or on Reserve.

Recommended Citation Generators
A note of caution about Citation Generators.... NOT ALL ARE ACCURATE! Like everything, you need to know the basics and use them with caution and expect to make corrections. EbscoHost databases and Proquest have built in citation generators for each article. Use Cite This, or email citation. Known bug: Proquest authors and dates may need reformatting.

KnightCite developed by Hekman Library Calvin College
DocsCite developed by Arizona State University to help cite government documents
Owl at Purdue APA Style. Highly recommended. Also note the sample manuscript with notations for APA instructions on formatting.

Cite the article as you would any print article and add the electronic access information at the end.
DOI: To access electronic articles preference is given to supplying an Digital Object Identifier, a unique number for an article. Inclusion of the DOI, if available, facilitates retrieval
How to find a DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Example: doi:10.1108/03090560710821161
* If no DOI end with the home page, do not paste the whole URL, of the database name,


Articles and News

News article

Wilmot, S. (2019). Electric Cars Have a Profit Problem --- Battery-powered vehicles are better for Wall Street than Detroit manufacturers. Wall Street Journal, pp. Wall Street Journal, 2019-05-14.

Articles, Scholarly, peer review

Sabir, S., Rafique, A., & Abbas, K. (2019). Institutions and FDI: Evidence from developed and developing countries. Financial Innovation, 5(1), 1-20.



Chapter in a book:
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Whole book:
McDonald, M. & Keegan, W. J. (1997). Marketing plans that work. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

E-book, no DOI:
Stark, J. (2010). Building iPhone apps with html, css, and javascript [1st ed]. Retrieved from Safari Books.


Author (date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page number. Retrieved from http://homeurlonly.htm
Title of company (date). Publisher, database source. Retrieved from source name.

Examples: Entries in library databases:
ViaSat Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved from EbscoHost Business Source Premier.

Company website:
Qualcomm (2010). FY 2009 4th Quarter Earnings Release. Retrieved from the Qualcomm, Inc. website


Chapter or Section of a web document:

Cite the most specific webpage that you reference in your paper and include a link to the specific page.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger web document (chapter or section number).
Retrieved from (courtesy of Owl at Purdue)
Spain: Culture (2010). In GlobalEdge. Retrieved January 18, 2010 from

Industry Statistics:
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Musical instrument and supplies stores NAICS: 45114. Washington DC: Author.
Retrieved January 21, 2010 from the World Wide Web:

Data Set (user created):

For customized datasets derived from an electronic database.
SimplyAnalytics (2008). Give your data set a name in italics. Available from SimplyAnalytics
InfoGroup. (2010). Corporate Lodging San Diego Metro Area. Available from ReferenceUSA database.

Encyclopedia, Reference Source or Chapter in a book

See Reference list: other print sources. In Purdue Owl.

Encyclopedia, No author:
Physical Fitness Products. (2007). In Encyclopedia of American industries. (pp. 671-675). Millerton, NY: Grey House Publications.
Reference work, Author:
Basham, M. (2009). Restaurants. In Standard & Poor's industry surveys. (Vol. 1). New York: Standard &Poor's.

Reference work: Multiple Authors: (authors in order as they appear)
Edell, J. A., & Burke, M. C. (1998). Feelings towards ads. In Bearden, W. O. & Netemeyer, R. G. In Handbook of marketing scales (2nd ed., pp. 283-285). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Legal Citation Formats

How to cite legal citations.   Use the  Cornell University Law School, Introduction to Basic Legal Citation.



To get the data for this YouTube clip you will need to extract speaker or author name, introductory slide, and other info.

Steuer, D. (2010). Section 2: Effects of economic downturn. 2010 county of San Diego economic roundtable. Retrieved January 21, 2010 from

Personal Communication  (interview)

APA rules states that you cite your interviews or emails in the text only since they are not retrievable. Your professor may also require you to list them in the Works Cited list.

Example: (J. Welch, personal communication, January 21, 2010)

Patricia Burns, e-mail message to author, December 15, 2008.

REV 10/13 by Carly Den Hartog CSUSM CoBA


Need Help?

Ann Fiegen

Business & Economics Librarian
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