Research Help is still available during Spring 2020 remote instruction!
Email or chat your subject librarian using the contact information on the right of this page. We can provide remote research assistance via Zoom (which allows for screensharing), chat, email, and phone.
| Web of Science
Contains citation Idexes for Science, Social Sciences, Arts & Humanities, and Book Citations from 2004 to present. Select "Web of Science Core Collection" to conduct cited reference search.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1975 to current||All|
This database is an indexing and abstracting tool covering the communications disorders literature, with focus on speech-language pathology and audiology.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1950 to current||All|
| PubMed @ CSUSM
The premier database of world biomedical literature on clinical medicine and preclinical research. Medline provides a more user-friendly interface, but less updated content.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1966 to current||All|
| Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA)
Provides abstracts of articles from about 2,000 journals (published worldwide), coverage of recent books, book review citations and dissertation listings.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1973 to current||All|
| CINAHL Complete
CINAHL, the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, provides indexing for articles from 5,400 journals in the fields of nursing and allied health. This database provides full text access to more than 1,300 journals dating back to 1937.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1937 to current||Most|
A national database of education literature, including reports and journal articles.
|Links to full-text via Get-It||1966 to current||Some|
| Communication & Mass Media Complete
Provides abstracts and full text for more than 200 communication journals.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1950 to current||Some|
| Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
The Cochrane Library is a collection of six databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making, and a seventh database that provides information about groups in The Cochrane Collaboration.
| Google Scholar CSUSM
Link to citations and full-text from your CSUSM Library databases and beyond!
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||current to current||All|
Available via EbscoHost: A comprehensive international database of psychology, covering the academic, research, and practice literature in psychology from over 45 countries in more than 30 languages.
|Some full-text; plus links to full-text via Get-It||1887 to current||All|
Provides full text access to over 1,000 journals covering all fields of science.
|Full-text||1995 to current||Most|
Relevant Journals - copy and paste the titles below into the "Books & More" search box to link to the full text of the journal.
- American Journal of Audiology
- American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
- Audiological Medicine
- Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
- Child Language Teaching and Therapy
- Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (JSLHR)
- Hearing Research
- Language, Speech & Hearing Services in School
Looking for a Specific Article?
Do you have the full citation of an article or the digital object identifier (doi)? Use "Looking for a Specific Article?" link to find the full-text of the article.
Part of the online CSD program? Watch this video!
Quick Search Tips
Tips for the search!
1) Generating keywords
- think of more than one way to discuss your topic and use a variety of terms/synonyms to search
- ("academic achievement" OR "academic performance") AND (coping OR resilience)
- look up your topic online to find more keywords (wikipedia is a great resource for this!)
2) Boolean Operators
- AND - returns literature that includes both terms
- OR - returns literature that includes either terms
- NOT - excludes literature with the term
- putting an asterisk at the root of a term will return variations of word
- tour* = tour, tours, tourist, tourism, toured
- use parentheses around synonyms for the same concept
- (coping OR resilience) AND stress AND (program* OR treatment)
5) Controlled Vocab
- The "subjects" attached to each result represent the controlled vocab for that database
- USE THESE TERMS!
6) Still not getting good results?
Books often provide a broader treatment of a topic or issue. A book on the issue you are studying can provide background and a base of knowledge. A research project always needs some sort of background or context before discussing the focused issue.
In order to place a request:
- Start your search in OneSearch.
- When you locate an item you want to request, click the "Get it through CSU+" link, which will prompt you to sign in with your CSUSM credentials in order to place the request.
- If the CSU+ link is not visible, that means that a CSU library doesn't hold the item, but you can still request it through ILL by clicking the "Get it through Interlibrary Loan" link.
Interlibrary Loan (ILL) enables CSUSM Library to borrow materials from libraries all over the world. ILL can take slightly longer than CSU+ for materials to be received (up to 7-12 days).
I need to find specific materials that I can't always find in OneSearch - no CSU has them. How will I find them and request them?
If you cannot locate materials you need in OneSearch, try WorldCat. WorldCat is a database of library books and materials held at thousands of libraries worldwide. When you find a book you are interested in through WorldCat, use the "GetIt! @ San Marcos" link to check if the item is available at CSUSM, or the "Request through Interlibrary Loan" to send the item information to CSUSM's ILL system to place the request.
Important note: Off-campus, you must use the link to WorldCat from the Library's Research Databases by Title list and login as a CSUSM user when prompted in order to seamlessly place requests from WorldCat through CSUSM ILL. This is because when you are on campus, WorldCat knows you are a CSUSM user; but off-campus, you will need to login in order to be identified as a CSUSM user and see CSUSM's custom ILL links in WorldCat.
You can also directly fill out a request form for any items you need using the Library's ILL request form.
Are you a distance education student?
Need research help?
Contact your librarian!
Browse this guide. There is a lot of helpful information on finding resources and doing research.
Searching for books by Subject Headings
- Subject headings are words and phrases specifically created to tell you what a book is about.
- They are the controlled vocabulary of the catalog.
One way to search by subject headings is to begin with a keyword search in the library catalog.
- Locate a relevant item and click details to view the record.
- Click one of the links under "Subjects" to view a list of other items that have been assigned the same subject heading.
What's the difference between searching by keyword and searching by subject headings?
- Searching by keyword will return all results that include your search terms anywhere in the item record.
- It is a more broad, less focused search.
- Searching by subject will only return those results that have been tagged with that specific word or phrase as a subject heading.
- It will result in a more focused search.
Books by Subject
A literature review is not research, it is a review of the research that has been done on your topic. A literature review is NOT just a summary, but a conceptually organized synthesis of the results of your search. It must
- organize information and relate it to the thesis or research question you are developing
- synthesize and critically analyze the results comparing and contrasting their findings
- identify controversy and themes that appear in the literature
A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. It's usually a bad sign to see every paragraph beginning with the name of a researcher. Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. (From Univ. of Toronto)
Check out these sites for more help understanding literature reviews
- How to ... Write a Literature Review, UC Santa Cruz Library
- The Literature Review: A few tips on conducting it, University of Toronto
- How to do a Literature Review, North Carolina A&T State University
Tips on conducting research for a literature review
- Use bibliographies and reference pages of articles to direct your research. You may start to see some trends with the people who are writing about your topic. Check the bibliography for more articles about your topic.
- Use the authors who you have found to be writing on your topic as starting points. Look for additional articles, and rebuttals, retractions or responses to their research
Use this chart to track articles you read for your literature review:
Qualitative vs Quantitative Research
Quantitative research (empirical) articles will tackle research questions that can be measured numerically and described using statistics. An example of quantitative research would be a randomized controlled trial.
Contains statistical analysis
Large sample size
Objective-little room to argue with the numbers
Type of research: descriptive studies, exploratory studies, experimental studies, explanatory studies, predictive studies, clinical trials
Ways of finding quantitative studies
1) Search your keywords with quantitative or with the type of study you want to find. For example:
“chronic pain” AND quantitative
“chronic pain” AND “clinical trial*”
2) If using the CINAHL database, choose the limiter shown below before you search:
Qualitative research articles will attempt to answer questions that cannot be strictly measured by numbers but rather by perceived meaning. Qualitative research will likely include interviews, case studies, ethnography, or focus groups.
Small sample size
Subjective-researchers are often interpreting meaning
Methods used: phenomenology, ethnography, grounded theory, historical method, case study
Ways of finding qualitative studies
1) Search your keywords with qualitative or the type of study you are looking for. For example:
“chronic pain” AND (“case study” or “grounded theory” or ethnography or “historical method” or phenomenology)
“chronic pain” AND qualitative
2) If using the CINAHL database, choose one of the 3 limiters shown below or select all 3 for the broadest search:
Qualitative clinical queries:
- High Sensitivity – the broadest search to include ALL relevant material. It may include less relevant materials.
- High Specificity – the most targeted search to include only the most relevant result set, may miss some relevant materials.
- Best Balance – retrieves the best balance between Sensitivity and Specificity.
The integration of clinical expertise, patient values, and the best research evidence into the decision making process for patient care.
- This tutorial created by Duke University Medical Library and the UNC Health Sciences Library will walk you through a basic introduction to EBP.
EBP Pyramid of Evidence by Study Type
Finding statistical information for a population of interest
Use the video and the list of reputable statistics resources below for tips on how to find statistics for the community you're researching. If you have any questions, follow up with your librarian!
- Explore Census Data
- Statistical abstract of the United States. A compilation of social, economic and political statistics about the U.S. Available Online, or in print at the library (Reference call number: HA202 .S73, or Goverment documents call number: C 3.134)
- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Bureau of Justice Statistics
- San Diego QuickFacts Census Bureau
- San Diego Public Records
- SANDAG: San Diego Association of Governments Demographics and Other Data
- California Quick Facts: U.S. Census
- County Health Rankings and Roadmaps (A Service from the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- National Center for Health (CDC)
- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (CDC)
- National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
- World Health Organization (WHO) Statistical Information System
- World Health Organization (WHO) Global Health Atlas
- The Office of Minority Health
- California Department of Public Health
- California Department of Health Services
- Healthy City (California-specific)
- San Diego Community Health
- San Diego-Health and Human Services Agency
- National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
- NIMH Statistics
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- World Health Organization Mental Health Atlas
- Child Welfare Information Gateway Includes useful statistics and other child welfare resources.
- Childstats.gov: Forum on Child and Family Statistics
- Administration for Children and Families
- National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect
- Kidsdata (California-specific)
- National Juvenile Court Data
- National Center for Education Statistics
- National Education Association
- School District Demographic System
- Schools and Staffing Survey
- State Education Data Profiles
- UNESCO Institute for Statistics-Education Data
- Aging Integrated Database
- Administration on Aging
- Administration for Community Living
- AARP Research Center
- FBI Crime Statistics
- United States: Uniform Crime Report Statistics by state from 1906-2005.
- Crime and delinquency in California Provides access to data about crimes, arrests, dispositions, adult corrections, criminal justice expenditures and personnel for the State. From the Office of the Attorney General, California Department of Justice.
- San Diego Police Department Crime Statistics
- National Juvenile Court Data
- US Census 2010 briefs
- Briefs are broken into population groups (for example, The Older Population, The Hispanic Population, etc.).
- Latin American Network Information Center
Cultures and Health
APA Citation Help
Citing sources is expected in scholarly communities and is almost always required in research papers. Scholars cite:
- to give credit where credit is due;
- so your reader (professor) can find the source that you mentioned in your assignment;
- to add credibility to your research - shows you did the work;
- and to avoid plagiarism!
Not sure where to start? Review this Flow Chart of the citation process before you continue!
APA stands for the American Psychological Association. This is the preferred citation style of many of the social and behavioral sciences. Always remember to check your assignment guidelines or ask your professor which citation style they prefer for your work.
Please note that the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association was released in October 2019. The American Psychological Association expects students and professors to transition to this new edition in the spring of 2020 or thereafter. The CSUSM library is awaiting the delivery of the new guides and the transition of other reliable sources to the 7th edition before updating its own citation guide. If you are required to use the 7th edition prior to our updating our APA page, please go directly to the APA's Style and Grammar Guidelines website or contact a librarian directly for assistance.
Official APA Style Manual Resources
- APA Style Manual (BF76.7 P83 2010) Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: the most current APA style manual is available at the Kellogg library. Click on the above link to find a copy.
- The official APA website Off campus or need APA guidelines right now? Access the official APA website for citation help by clicking the above link. This site has useful tutorials and up-to-date facts about citing in APA.
Helpful Online Resources
- Purdue Owl: Reference list for online sources Explanations and directions for citing online sources in your reference list.
- A brief introduction to APA Style Created by Purdue University Online Writing Lab.
- Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) More examples of APA-style citations and paper formats from Purdue University's famous OWL website. Use the left-hand menu to find the category of item you are trying to cite.
- Legal Citations in APA Style (CSU Stanislaus) Examples for the most commonly cited federal and California legal documents.
- Citing Government Sources (Washington and Lee University) Guidance on how to cite many different kinds of government documents in APA style.
- Citing Business Sources (CSUSM Library) A guide to the most common APA citation formats needed for business sources, compiled by the CSUSM Business Librarian and COBA faculty.
Also Helpful: Citation Generators
- Zotero Zotero is a tool for storing citations and generating bibliographies using data collected from the library catalog or websites such as Amazon or Google. For more information on using Zotero, see our Zotero Guide. Always double check your results with citation generators, they are not always perfect!
- KnightCite Citation Service This citation generator formats your citations for you. This can be a convenient tool, especially if you have a lot of sources to cite, but it is NOT 100% accurate. ALWAYS check an additional resource like the APA Manual or Purdue OWL to make sure that the citation is formatted correctly!
Sample Papers in APA format
Thesis Submission Guidelines
Submitting a thesis?
See the ETD (electronic theses, projects, and dissertations) Guide for information about helpful workshops, submissions guidelines, and forms needed to submit a thesis.
Carmen Mitchell, Institutional Repository Librarian
Office Location: KEL 3307
Looking for theses to use in your research?
Browse for electronic or print copies of Cal State San Marcos theses here:
- Electronic theses: Theses, Dissertations & Graduate Research in CSUSM ScholarWorks
Find more information about locating theses by going to the ETD Submission Guide.
SLP 222 In Class Activity
SLP 622 In Class Activity
In pairs or small groups,
Briefly review the following articles:
- School-based speech-language pathologists
- Speech-language pathologists' knowledge of speaking rate
- Treatment decisions for children with speech-sound disorders
Which do you think are scholarly, peer-reviewed research articles? How do you know?
Write down your reasoning for each article to share with the class.