What is Chicago or "Turabian" style?

Chicago Manual of Style was created by the University of Chicago Press. It is the citation style preferred by historians, but is also often used in other arts and humanities subjects.

"Turabian" refers to the author of a simplified version of the Chicago manual called A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations

Chicago and Turabian at CSUSM Library

cover of the Chicago Manual of StyleThe Chicago Manual of Style - library copies (Z253 .U69 2010) 

cover of Turabian style manual A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers - library copies (LB2369 .T8 2007)

Tips and Tricks

There are two ways to format a bibliography in Chicago style - the Notes-Bibliography system (more common) and the Author-Date system. Always check with your professor to find out which system you should use.

You must cite images as well as quotes.  Use the examples at the Library of Congress as a model. Remember that there are two parts to your citation: information about the image and information about where you got the image.

Helpful Online Guides

Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide - basic guidelines and examples for the most commonly cited items

Also check out FAQs at the official Chicago Style Website

CiteSource Chicago (Trinity College) - includes examples, screenshots and pictures showing you how to locate the information you need to include in your citation

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) - examples of citations and paper formats 

‚ÄčCiting Primary Sources - 15th ed. (Library of Congress) - ATTENTION this page is based on the 15th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style but provides guidance on how to cite many different types of primary sources, including photographs, cartoons, sound files, pamphlets, etc.

Sample Papers in Chicago Style

Sample paper from Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL)